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Cross-reactivity of antibodies in human infections by the kinetoplastid protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania chagasi and Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis

Vexenat,Ana de Cássia; Santana,Jaime M.; Teixeira,Antonio R.L.
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/1996 EN
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We have detected antibodies, in the sera of Chagas disease, Kala-azar and Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis patients, that bind multiple antigens shared between the three causative agents. The Chagas disease sera showed 98 to 100% positive results by ELISA when the Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania chagasi antigens were used, respectively. The Kala-azar sera showed 100% positive results with Trypanosoma cruzi or L. braziliensis antigens by immunofluorescence assays. The antibodies in the sera of Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis patients showed 100% positive results by ELISA assays with T. cruzi or L. chagasi antigens. Furthermore, the direct agglutination of L. chagasi promastigotes showed that 95% of Kala-azar and 35% of Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis sera agglutinated the parasite in dilutions above 1:512. In contrast, 15% of Chagas sera agglutinated the parasite in dilutions 1:16 and below. Western blot analysis showed that the Chagas sera that formed at least 24 bands with the T. cruzi also formed 13 bands with the L. chagasi and 17 bands with the L. braziliensis. The Kala-azar sera that recognized at least 29 bands with the homologous antigen also formed 14 bands with the T. cruzi and 10 bands with the L. braziliensis antigens. Finally...

Kinetoplastid membrane protein-11 is present in promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis and its surface expression increases during metacyclogenesis

Matos,Denise CS; Faccioli,Lanuza AP; Cysne-Finkelstein,Léa; Luca,Paula Mello De; Corte-Real,Suzana; Armôa,Geraldo RG; Lemes,Elezer Monte Blanco; Decote-Ricardo,Débora; Mendonça,Sergio CF
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
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Kinetoplastid membrane protein-11 (KMP-11), a protein present in all kinetoplastid protozoa, is considered a potential candidate for a leishmaniasis vaccine. A suitable leishmaniasis vaccine candidate molecule must be expressed in amastigotes, the infective stage for mammals. However, the expression of KMP-11 in Leishmania amastigotes has been a subject of controversy. We evaluated the expression of this molecule in logarithmic and stationary growth phase promastigotes, as well as in amastigotes, of Leishmania amazonensis by immunoblotting, flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry, using a monoclonal antibody against KMP-11. We found that KMP-11 is present in promastigotes and amastigotes. In both stages, the protein was found in association with membrane structures (at the cell surface, flagellar pocket and intracellular vesicles). More importantly, its surface expression is higher in amastigotes than in promastigotes and increases during metacyclogenesis. The increased expression of KMP-11 in metacyclic promastigotes, and especially in amastigotes, indicates a role for this molecule in the parasite relationship with the mammalian host. The presence of this molecule in amastigotes is consistent with the previously demonstrated immunoprotective capacity of vaccine prototypes based on the KMP-11-coding gene and the presence of humoral and cellular immune responses to KMP-11 in Leishmania-infected humans and animals.

Whole-cell antigenicity data support sequence-based kinetoplastid taxonomy

Couvreur,Bernard
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 EN
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Early immunological data, obtained by immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis, on the whole-cell antigenicity of kinetoplastid protozoa were retrieved and used to construct a dendrogram of antigenic distances. Remarkably, they supported the same taxonomic conclusions as analyses based on DNA and protein sequence data.

Telomerase in kinetoplastid parasitic protozoa

Cano, M. I. N.; Dungan, J. M.; Agabian, N.; Blackburn, E. H.
Fonte: The National Academy of Sciences Publicador: The National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/03/1999 EN
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We have identified telomerase activity in extracts of three evolutionarily diverse kinetoplastid species: Trypanosoma brucei, Leishmania major, and Leishmania tarentolae. Telomerase activity was initially detected in extracts from insect form cells of all three kinetoplastid species by using a modification of the one-tube telomere repeat amplification protocol [Kim, N., et al. (1994) Science 266, 2011–2015], although better results were subsequently achieved with the two-tube telomere repeat amplification protocol [Autexier, C., Pruzan, R., Funk, W. & Greider, C. (1996) EMBO J. 15, 5928–5935]. The activity in T. brucei extracts was sufficiently robust to enable its detection in a direct assay of telomerase; enzyme processivity was found to be relatively low. The in vitro properties of telomerase suggest a possible templating domain sequence for the telomerase RNA of T. brucei. Telomerase activity is likely to contribute to telomere maintenance in these parasitic organisms and provides a new target for chemotherapeutic intervention.

A mRNA determinant of gRNA-directed kinetoplastid editing

Kabb, Aaron L.; Oppegard, Lisa M.; McKenzie, Bruce A.; Connell, Gregory J.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/06/2001 EN
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Several mitochondrial mRNAs of the kinetoplastid protozoa do not encode a functional open reading frame until they have been edited through the addition or deletion of U nucleotides at specific sites. Genetic information specifying the location and extent of editing is present on guide RNAs (gRNAs). The sequence adjacent to most mRNA editing sites has a high purine content which previously has been proposed to facilitate the editing reaction through base-pairing to a poly(U) tail at the 3′ end of the gRNA. We demonstrate here that gRNA binding alone is insufficient to create an editing site and that the mRNA sequence near an editing site is an additional determinant affecting the efficiency of the reaction.

Dyskinetoplastic Trypanosoma brucei Contains Functional Editing Complexes

Domingo, Gonzalo J.; Palazzo, Setareh S.; Wang, Bingbing; Pannicucci, Brian; Salavati, Reza; Stuart, Kenneth D.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2003 EN
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Mitochondrial pre-mRNAs undergo posttranscriptional RNA editing as directed by small guide RNAs (gRNAs) to produce functional mRNAs in kinetoplastid protozoa. The pre-mRNAs and gRNAs are encoded in the maxicircle and minicircle components, respectively, of the kinetoplastid mitochondrial DNA (kDNA), and editing is catalyzed by a multienzyme protein complex. Trypanosoma evansi AnTat3/3, which lacks maxicircles but retains a single class of minicircles, and a dyskinetoplastic mutant of Trypanosoma brucei EATRO164, which is devoid of kDNA, were both shown to retain genes and proteins for the editing complex. The proteins are present in complexes that immunoprecipitate and sediment indistinguishably from wild-type complexes. The complexes catalyze precleaved insertion and deletion editing as well as full-round deletion editing in vitro. Thus, mutants which lack the natural substrates for RNA editing and all or most gRNAs retain editing complexes that contain the four primary catalytic activities of editing and function in editing, at least in vitro. Therefore neither pre-mRNA nor gRNA is required to form functional RNA-editing complexes.

Protein trafficking in kinetoplastid protozoa.

Clayton, C; Häusler, T; Blattner, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1995 EN
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The kinetoplastid protozoa infect hosts ranging from invertebrates to plants and mammals, causing diseases of medical and economic importance. They are the earliest-branching organisms in eucaryotic evolution to have either mitochondria or peroxisome-like microbodies. Investigation of their protein trafficking enables us to identify characteristics that have been conserved throughout eucaryotic evolution and also reveals how far variations, or alternative mechanisms, are possible. Protein trafficking in kinetoplastids is in many respects similar to that in higher eucaryotes, including mammals and yeasts. Differences in signal sequence specificities exist, however, for all subcellular locations so far examined in detail--microbodies, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum--with signals being more degenerate, or shorter, than those of their higher eucaryotic counterparts. Some components of the normal array of trafficking mechanisms may be missing in most (if not all) kinetoplastids: examples are clathrin-coated vesicles, recycling receptors, and mannose 6-phosphate-mediated lysosomal targeting. Other aspects and structures are unique to the kinetoplastids or are as yet unexplained. Some of these peculiarities may eventually prove to be weak points that can be used as targets for chemotherapy; others may turn out to be much more widespread than currently suspected.

Evolution of parasitism: kinetoplastid protozoan history reconstructed from mitochondrial rRNA gene sequences.

Lake, J A; de la Cruz, V F; Ferreira, P C; Morel, C; Simpson, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1988 EN
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A phylogenetic tree for the evolution of five representative species from four genera of kinetoplastid protozoa was constructed from comparison of the mitochondrial 9S and 12S rRNA gene sequences and application of both parsimony and evolutionary parsimony algorithms. In the rooted version of the tree, the monogenetic species Crithidia fasciculata is the most deeply rooted, followed by another monogenetic species, Leptomonas sp. The three digenetic species Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, and Leishmania tarentolae branch from the Leptomonas line. The substitution rates for the T. brucei and T. cruzi sequences were 3-4 times greater than that of the L. tarentolae sequences. This phylogenetic tree is consistent with our cladistic analysis of the biological evidence including life cycles for these five species. A tentative time scale can be assigned to the nodes of this tree by assuming that the common ancestor of the digenetic parasites predated the separation of South America and Africa and postdated the first fossil appearance of its host (inferred by parsimony analysis). This time scale predicts that the deepest node occurred at 264 +/- 51 million years ago, at a time commensurate with the fossil origins of the Hemiptera insect host. This implies that the ancestral kinetoplastid and its insect host appeared at approximately the same time. The molecular data suggest that these eukaryotic parasites have an evolutionary history that extends back to the origin of their insect host.

Characterization of the apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme: no similarity to the proposed mechanism of RNA editing in kinetoplastid protozoa.

Greeve, J; Navaratnam, N; Scott, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/07/1991 EN
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Intestinal apolipoprotein B mRNA is edited at nucleotide 6666 by a C to U transition resulting in a translational stop codon. The enzymatic properties of the editing activity were characterised in vitro using rat enterocyte cytosolic extract. The editing activity has no nucleotide or ion cofactor requirement. It shows substrate saturation with an apparent Km for the RNA substrate of 2.2 nM. The editing enzyme requires no lag period prior to catalysis, and does not assemble into a higher order complex on the RNA substrate. In crude cytosolic extract editing activity is completely abolished by treatment with micrococcal nuclease or RNAse A. Partially purified editing enzyme is no longer sensitive to nucleases, but is inhibited in a dose dependent manner by nuclease inactivated crude extract. The buoyant density of partially purified editing enzyme is 1.3 g/ml, that of pure protein. Therefore, the apolipoprotein B mRNA editing activity consists of a well defined enzyme with no RNA component. The nuclease sensitivity in crude cytosolic extract is explained by the generation of inhibitors for the editing enzyme. The editing of apo B mRNA has little similarity to complex mRNA processing events such as splicing and unlike editing in kinetoplastid protozoa does not utilise guide RNAs.

Cryptic Paraflagellar Rod in Endosymbiont-Containing Kinetoplastid Protozoa

Gadelha, Catarina; Wickstead, Bill; de Souza, Wanderley; Gull, Keith; Cunha-e-Silva, Narcisa
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2005 EN
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Cilia and flagella are central to many biological processes in a diverse range of organisms. The kinetoplastid protozoa are very appealing models for the study of flagellar function, particularly in the light of the availability of extensive trypanosomatid genome information. In addition to the highly conserved 9 + 2 axoneme, the kinetoplastid flagellum contains a characteristic paraflagellar rod structure (PFR). The PFR is necessary for full motility and provides support for metabolic regulators that may influence flagellar beating. However, there is an intriguing puzzle: one clade of endosymbiont-containing kinetoplastids apparently lack a PFR yet are as motile as species that possess a PFR and are able to attach to the invertebrate host epithelia. We investigated how these organisms are able to locomote despite the apparent lack of PFR. Here we have identified a PFR1 gene in the endosymbiont-bearing trypanosome Crithidia deanei. This gene is expressed in C. deanei and is able to partially complement a pfr1 null mutation in Leishmania mexicana cells, demonstrating that the encoded protein is functional. Careful reexamination of C. deanei flagellar ultrastructure revealed a greatly reduced PFR missed by many previous analyses. This affirms the PFR as a canonical organelle of kinetoplastids. Moreover...

The paraflagellar rod of kinetoplastid parasites: From structure to components and function

Portman, Neil; Gull, Keith
Fonte: Elsevier Science Publicador: Elsevier Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 EN
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The role of the eukaryotic flagellum in cell motility is well established but its importance in many other aspects of cell biology, from cell signalling to developmental regulation, is becoming increasingly apparent. In addition to this diversity of function the core structure of the flagellum, which has been inherited from the earliest ancestor of all eukaryotes, is embellished with a range of extra-axonemal structures in many organisms. One of the best studied of these structures is the paraflagellar rod of kinetoplastid protozoa in which the morphological characteristics have been well defined and some of the major protein constituents have been identified. Here we discuss recent advances in the identification of further molecular components of the paraflagellar rod, how these impact on our understanding of its function and regulation and the implications for therapeutic intervention in a number of devastating human pathologies.

U-insertion/deletion Edited Sequence Database.

Simpson, L; Wang, S H; Thiemann, O H; Alfonzo, J D; Maslov, D A; Avila, H A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/01/1998 EN
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Uridine insertion/deletion RNA editing is a post-transcriptional RNA modification occurring in the mitochondria of kinetoplastid protozoa. The U-insertion/deletion Edited Sequence Database is a compilation of mitochondrial genes and edited mRNAs from five kinetoplastid species. It contains separate files with the DNA, mRNA (both unedited and edited) and predicted protein sequences, as well as alignments of the Leishmania tarentolae and Trypanosoma brucei protein sequences from edited and unedited genes. The sequence files are in GCG format. A 'map' sequence file showing the location of U-deletions, U-insertions and the translated amino acid sequences is also provided for each gene. Genomic maps for each species are also provided with clickable genes, including maxicircle-encoded gRNAs. Sets of aligned nuclear rRNA sequences from kinetoplastid protozoa are also provided, which were used for phylogenetic reconstructions in an analysis of the origin of RNA editing. The database is available through the World Wide Web as an HTML document at the URLhttp://www.lifesci.ucla.edu/RNA/trypanosome/ database.html

Kinetoplastid Membrane Protein-11 as a Vaccine Candidate and a Virulence Factor in Leishmania

de Mendonça, Sergio Coutinho Furtado; Cysne-Finkelstein, Léa; Matos, Denise Cristina de Souza
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/10/2015 EN
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Kinetoplastid membrane protein-11 (KMP-11), a protein present in all kinetoplastid protozoa, is considered a potential candidate for a leishmaniasis vaccine. In Leishmania amazonensis, KMP-11 is expressed in promastigotes and amastigotes. In both stages, the protein was found in association with membrane structures at the cell surface, flagellar pocket, and intracellular vesicles. More importantly, its surface expression is higher in amastigotes than in promastigotes and increases during metacyclogenesis. The increased expression of KMP-11 in metacyclic promastigotes, and especially in amastigotes, indicates a role for this molecule in the parasite relationship with the mammalian host. In this connection, we have shown that addition of KMP-11 exacerbates L. amazonensis infection in peritoneal macrophages from BALB/c mice by increasing interleukin (IL)-10 secretion and arginase activity while reducing nitric oxide production. The doses of KMP-11, the IL-10 levels, and the intracellular amastigote loads were strongly, positively, and significantly correlated. The increase in parasite load induced by KMP-11 was inhibited by anti-KMP-11 or anti-IL-10-neutralizing antibodies, but not by isotype controls. The neutralizing antibodies, but not the isotype controls...

RNA editing and mitochondrial genomic organization in the cryptobiid kinetoplastid protozoan Trypanoplasma borreli.

Maslov, D A; Simpson, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1994 EN
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The bodonids and cryptobiids represent an early diverged sister group to the trypanosomatids among the kinetoplastid protozoa. The trypanosome type of uridine insertion-deletion RNA editing was found to occur in the cryptobiid fish parasite Trypanoplasma borreli. A pan-edited ribosomal protein, S12, and a novel 3'- and 5'-edited cytochrome b, in addition to an unedited cytochrome oxidase III gene and an apparently unedited 12S rRNA gene, were found in a 6-kb fragment of the 80- to 90-kb mitochondrial genome. The gene order differs from that in trypanosomatids, as does the organization of putative guide RNA genes; guide RNA-like molecules are transcribed from tandemly repeated 1-kb sequences organized in 200- and 170-kb molecules instead of minicircles. The presence of pan-editing in this lineage is consistent with an ancient evolutionary origin of this process.

The monogenetic kinetoplastid protozoan, Crithidia fasciculata, contains a transcriptionally active, multicopy mini-exon sequence.

Muhich, M L; Hughes, D E; Simpson, A M; Simpson, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/04/1987 EN
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A repeated sequence from the Crithidia fasciculata nuclear genome has been isolated which is homologous to the mini-exon genes of other kinetoplastid protozoa. Sequence analysis of the 417 bp monomeric unit confirmed the presence of a 35 nt sequence within the repeat that is 77% homologous with the Trypanosoma brucei 35-mer mini-exon or spliced leader sequence. The repeat is present at approximately 250 copies per cell and is organized into one, or a few, large head to tail tandem clusters predominantly on a single chromosome. The mini-exon repeat unit hybridizes to a major 84 nt and a minor 87 nt poly (A)- steady state transcript, the first 35 nts of which comprise the mini-exon sequence found at the 5' end of mRNAs in several other kinetoplastid species. The 3'-termini of the transcripts map to positions on the DNA sense strand directly preceeding a stretch of 8 thymidine residues. Crithidia represents the most primitive kinetoplastid species which apparently possesses a discontinuous type of mRNA processing, implying that this represents a conserved feature in possibly all genera of kinetoplastid protozoa.

Guide RNAs and guide RNA genes in the cryptobiid kinetoplastid protozoan, Trypanoplasma borreli.

Yasuhira, S; Simpson, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1996 EN
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Trypanoplasma borreli belongs to the bodonid/cryptobiid group of kinetoplastid protozoa, which represents a sister group to the trypanosomatids. RNA transcripts from several mitochondrial genes in this organism undergo the trypanosomatid type of uridine addition/deletion RNA editing. A guide RNA (gRNA) cDNA library was constructed and five gRNAs were identified, one for editing the ribosomal protein S12 mRNA, three for editing the cytochrome oxidase subunit I mRNA, and one for editing the cytochrome b mRNA. All of the gRNAs contained nonencoded oligo[U] sequences at the 3' end, as is common with gRNAs in trypanosomatids, but also contained nonencoded oligo[U] sequences at the 5' end. The mechanism for addition of the 5' nonencoded oligo[U] sequence and the function of this sequence are unknown. The T. borreli gRNAs were shorter (25-35 nt, excluding the 5' oligo[U]) than gRNAs in trypanosomatids (45-50 nt), indicating a smaller size of editing blocks in this organism. Genomic sequences for two gRNAs were cloned and sequenced. These two gRNA-encoding sequences were shown to originate from the 180-kb Component I molecules, which represent a possible homologue of minicircle DNA in trypanosomatids, and not from the 80-kb Component II molecules...

RNA editing in the free-living bodonid Bodo saltans.

Blom, D; de Haan, A; van den Berg, M; Sloof, P; Jirku, M; Lukes, J; Benne, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/03/1998 EN
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In parasitic kinetoplastid protozoa, mitochondrial (mt) mRNAs are post-transcriptionally edited by insertion and deletion of uridylate residues, the information being provided by guide (g) RNAs. In order to further explore the role and evolutionary history of this process, we searched for editing in mt RNAs of the free-living bodonid Bodo saltans. We found extensive editing in the transcript for NADH dehydrogenase (ND) subunit 5, which is unedited in trypanosomatids. In contrast, B.saltans cytochrome c oxidase (cox) subunit 2 and maxicircle unidentified reading frame (MURF) 2 RNAs display limited editing in the same regions as their trypanosomatid counterparts. A putative intramolecular cox2 gRNA and the gene for gMURF2-I directing the insertion of only one U in the 5' editing domain of MURF2 RNA, are conserved in B.saltans. This lends (further) evolutionary support to the proposed role of these sequences as gRNAs. Phylogenetic analysis showed that B.saltans is more closely related to trypanosomatids than the cryptobiids Trypanoplasma borreli and Cryptobia helicis, in line with the trypanosomatid-like cox2 and MURF2 RNA editing patterns. Nevertheless, other features like the apparent absence of a catenated mtDNA network, are shared with bodonid and cryptobiid species. ND5 RNA editing may represent yet another example of editing 'on the way out' during kinetoplastid evolution...

Kinetoplastid glucose transporters.

Tetaud, E; Barrett, M P; Bringaud, F; Baltz, T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/08/1997 EN
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Protozoa of the order kinetoplastida have colonized many habitats, and several species are important parasites of humans. Adaptation to different environments requires an associated adaptation at a cell's interface with its environment, i.e. the plasma membrane. Sugar transport by the kinetoplastida as a phylogenetically related group of organisms offers an exceptional model in which to study the ways by which the carrier proteins involved in this process may evolve to meet differing environmental challenges. Seven genes encoding proteins involved in glucose transport have been cloned from several kinetoplastid species. The transporters all belong to the glucose transporter superfamily exemplified by the mammalian erythrocyte transporter GLUT1. Some species, such as the African trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei, which undergo a life cycle where the parasites are exposed to very different glucose concentrations in the mammalian bloodstream and tsetse-fly midgut, have evolved two different transporters to deal with this fluctuation. Other species, such as the South American trypanosome Trypanosoma cruzi, multiply predominantly in conditions of relative glucose deprivation (intracellularly in the mammalian host, or within the reduviid bug midgut) and have a single...

Whole-cell antigenicity data support sequence-based kinetoplastid taxonomy

Couvreur, Bernard
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
400.18695%
Early immunological data, obtained by immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoresis, on the whole-cell antigenicity of kinetoplastid protozoa were retrieved and used to construct a dendrogram of antigenic distances. Remarkably, they supported the same taxonomic conclusions as analyses based on DNA and protein sequence data.

Reatividade cruzada de anticorpos em pacientes com infecções pelos protozoários Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania chagasi e Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis; Cross-reactivity of antibodies in human infections by the kinetoplastid protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania chagasi and Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis

Vexenat, Ana de Cássia; Santana, Jaime M.; Teixeira, Antonio R.L.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1996 ENG
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Foram detectados anticorpos, nos soros de pacientes com doença de Chagas, Calazar e Leishnnaniose cutâneo-mucosa, que se ligam a antígenos compartilhados pelos três agentes causais. Os pacientes chagásicos mostraram 98 a 100% de soropositividade pelo ELISA quando antígenos de Leishmania braziliensis e de Leishmania chagasi foram usados, respectivamente. Os soros de Calazar mostraram resultados positivos com antígenos de Trypanosoma cruzi ou com L. braziliensis pela imunofluorescência. Ademais, os anticorpos nos soros de pacientes com Leishmaniose cutâneo-mucosa tinham 100% de resultados positivos pelo ELISA com antígenos de T. cruzi ou de L. chagasi. Ademais, a aglutinação direta de promastigotas de L. chagasi mostrou que 95% dos soros de Calazar e 35% de Leishmaniose cutâneo-mucosa algutinaram o parasito em diluições acima de 1:512. Em contraste, 15% dos soros chagásicos aglutinaram o parasito na diluição de 1:16 ou abaixo. Análises pelo Western blot mostraram que os soros chagásicos que formaram pelo menos 24 bandas com antígeno de T. cruzi também foramaram 13 bandas com antígeno de L. chagasi e 17 bandas com L. braziliensis. Os soros de Calazar que reconheceram pelo menos 29 bandas com o antígeno homólogo também formaram 14 bandas com o T. cruzi e 10 bandas com L. braziliensis. Finalmente...