Página 1 dos resultados de 32727 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

Clinical characteristics and possible phenotypes of an adult severe asthma population

de Carvalho-Pinto, Regina Maria; Cukier, Alberto; Angelini, Luciene; Antonangelo, Leila; Mauad, Thais; Dolhnikoff, Marisa; Rabe, Klaus F.; Stelmach, Rafael
Fonte: W B SAUNDERS CO LTD; LONDON Publicador: W B SAUNDERS CO LTD; LONDON
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
Background: Currently, there are no studies of well-characterized severe asthmatics in Brazil. We aimed to study a population of severe treated asthmatics still uncontrolled to characterize them and define possible phenotypes. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional outpatient study of severe asthmatics, evaluating functional and inflammatory markers, health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression symptoms, clinical control status, and characteristics related to atopy, age of asthma onset, induced sputum eosinophil levels, and airflow limitation. We also grouped the subgroups characteristics to identify phenotypes. The study is registered on ClinicalTrial.gov NCT 01089322. Results: From 128 eligible patients with severe/uncontrolled asthma, 74 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The cohort was comprised of 85% women, frequently with a body mass index higher than 31 kg m(-2), atopy (60%), early-onset disease (50%), sputum eosinophilia (80%), comorbidities, and reduced quality of life. Nonatopics had significant higher asthma onset (19 y.a.) and twice level of induced sputum eosinophil. Late-onset patients had significantly less atopy (57%) and higher levels of induced sputum eosinophils. Non-eosinophilics had lower levels of inflammatory markers. Patients with airflow limitation had more intensive care unit admissions (56%) and 1.5 times more airway resistance. Subgroups characteristics identified a priori four well-characterized phenotypes...

Estudo da influência do gene FLO8 em fenótipos de linhagens de Saccharomyces cerevisiae isoladas em processos de produção de etanol combustível no Brasil.; The influence of the FLO8 gene in phenotypes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains isolated from industrial fuel ethanol production in Brazil.

Fiqueiredo, Catarina Macedo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/10/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
Saccharomyces cerevisiae é o organismo de escolha para produção de etanol combustível, apresentando-se adaptadas ao ambiente hostil das dornas de fermentação. Adaptações como floculação, formação de espuma e de biofilme são características fenotípicas indesejáveis ao processo brasileiro. Por isso, a pronta identificação destas características faz-se necessária no intuito de minimizar perdas de rendimento e diminuir o custo da produção. Sabe-se que proteínas codificadas pela família de genes FLO estão relacionadas a estes fenótipos, os quais são regulados pela proteína Flo8p, a qual possui papel fundamental na apresentação destas características fenotípicas indesejáveis. Desta forma, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o fenótipo e o comportamento metabólico, relacionando-os com a regulação via Flo8p. Os resultados obtidos revelam o papel fundamental de Flo8p na regulação positiva destes fenótipos em linhagem isolada do ambiente industrial (FT02). Verificou-se uma forte tendência da participação do gene FLO11 na formação de espuma, via Flo8p. Além disso, através da deleção do FLO8 da linhagem FT02, observou-se a influência positiva de Flo8p na floculação e hidrofobicidade celular...

Síndrome dos ovários policísticos: correlação dos fenótipos com as manifestações metabólicas; Polycystic ovary syndrome: correlation of phenotypes with metabolic manifestations.

Neves, Erika Mendonça das
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
344.50766%
A síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) é o distúrbio endócrino-metabólico mais frequente na menacme, com prevalência de 7 a 10 %, contribuindo com o aumento do risco cardiovascular e/ou diabetes mellitus tipo II nessas mulheres. OBJETIVOS: Identificar as características epidemiológicas e os diferentes fenótipos da SOP, a prevalência da síndrome metabólica encontrada em cada fenótipo e os fatores associados ao risco metabólico dessas pacientes. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODO: Estudo observacional com 566 mulheres entre 14 e 39 anos portadoras de SOP, segundo o consenso de Rotterdam. O risco metabólico foi avaliado pela análise descritiva com intervalo de confiança de 95%. As variáveis quantitativas foram testadas pelo método de Shapiro-Wilk e teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. Para a análise multivariada usou-se a razão de prevalências entre as diversas variáveis independentes e o desfecho risco metabólico. Identificamos os fatores associados ao risco metabólico empregando a regressão de Cox com variância robusta. RESULTADOS: Das 566 pacientes, 27,9% tinham entre 20 e 24 anos; 84,5% eram afrodescendentes; 90,6% apresentavam irregularidade menstrual; 91,8% hirsutismo; 77,7% ovários aumentados e/ou policísticos; 15...

Fitness of five phenotypes of Harmonia axyridis PALLAS (Coleoptera: Coccinelidae).

Serpa, Luís; Shanderl, Henrique; Brito, Carlos P.; Soares, António O.
Fonte: Universidade dos Açores Publicador: Universidade dos Açores
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
347.99086%
Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Ecology of Aphidophaga: Biology, Ecology and Behaviour of Aphidophagous Insects.; H. axyridis is a highly polymorphic ladybird beetle with phenotypes that vary in their elytral patterns. In natural populations the relative frequency of phenotypes is not constant, but is subject to a strong geographic and temporal variation. The selective forces that are the basis for those variation are diverse and difficult to determine. In this work we suggest that fitness of phenotypes could contribute to these variations. That is, a specific genotype could also confer a specific reproductive capacity. We compare the reprodutive capacity of adults of five phenotypes [succinea (h) or s0, succinea-3 (h3) or s9, conspicua -1 (hC1) or c1, aulica-1 (hA1) or au and nigra [? (h?)] or ni]. Our results show that under the same biotic and abiotic conditions, there are differences in biological parameters of the phenotypes that affect their fitness. The rare phenotype nigra, and the relatively uncommon aulica have lower reproductive capacity than the most frequent phenotypes succinea and conspicua.

Changes in nuclear phenotypes following cold shock in Panstrongylus megistus (Burmeister)

Garcia,Simone L; Mello,Maria Luiza S; Garcia,Nancy L; Rodrigues,Vera Lúcia CC
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
342.45348%
The nuclear phenotypes of Malpighian tubule epithelial cells of 5th instar male nymphs of the blood-sucking insect Panstrongylus megistus were studied immediately after a short (1 h) cold shock at 0ºC, and 10 and 30 days later. The objective was to compare the responses to a cold shock with those known to occur after hyperthermia in order to provide insight into the cellular effect of cold in this species. Nuclei which usually exhibited a conspicuous Y chromosome chromocenter were the most frequent phenotype in control and treated specimens. Phenotypes in which the heterochromatin was unravelled, or in which there was nuclear fusion or cell death were more abundant in the shocked specimens. Most of the changes detected have also been found in heat-shocked nymphs, except for nuclear fusion which generates giant nuclei and which appeared to be less effective or necessary than that elicited after heat shock. Since other studies showed that a short cold shock does not affect the survival of more than 14% of 5th instar nymphs of P. megistus with domestic habit and can induce tolerance to a prolonged cold shock, heat shock proteins proteins are probably the best candidates for effective protection of the cells and the insects from drastic damage caused by low temperature shocks.

Effect of sequential heat and cold shocks on nuclear phenotypes of the blood-sucking insect, Panstrongylus megistus (Burmeister) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae)

Garcia,Simone L; Pacheco,Raquel M; Rodrigues,Vera LCC; Mello,Maria Luiza S
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
Thermal shocks induce changes in the nuclear phenotypes that correspond to survival (heterochromatin decondensation, nuclear fusion) or death (apoptosis, necrosis) responses in the Malpighian tubules of Panstrongylus megistus. Since thermal tolerance increased survival and molting rate in this species following sequential shocks, we investigated whether changes in nuclear phenotypes accompanied the insect survival response to sequential thermal shocks. Fifth instar nymphs were subjected to a single heat (35 or 40°C, 1 h) or cold (5 or 0°C, 1 h) shock and then subjected to a second shock for 12 h at 40 or 0°C, respectively, after 8, 18, 24 and 72 h at 28°C (control temperature). As with specimen survival, sequential heat and cold shocks induced changes in frequency of the mentioned nuclear phenotypes although their patterns differed. The heat shock tolerance involved decrease in apoptosis simultaneous to increase in cell survival responses. Sequential cold shocks did not involve cell/nuclear fusion and even elicited increase in necrosis with advancing time after shocks. The temperatures of 40 and 0ºC were more effective than the temperatures of 35 and 5ºC in eliciting the heat and cold shock tolerances, respectively, as shown by cytological analysis of the nuclear phenotypes. It is concluded that different sequential thermal shocks can trigger different mechanisms of cellular protection against stress in P. megistus...

Protein phenotypes and productive traits in Landrace, Large White and Duroc swine

Tagliaro,Claudia Helena; Franco,Maria Helena Lartigau Pereira; Meincke,Werner; Silva,Gilberto
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1995 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
Fourteen protein systems coded by 15 structural loci were typed by horizontal electrophoresis to determine possible associations betweem the protein phenotypes and productive traits in Landrace (N=109), Largo White (N= 116) and Duroe (N=57) pigs, reared in Southern Brazil. Signiticant associations between protein phenotypes and production traits were detected. The most consistent interaction were observed between two protein systems (phosphogluconate dehydrogenase - Pgd and Hemopexin -Hpx) and at least one of the four performance variables considered. In Duroc breed, the Pgd phenotypes were associated with daily weight gain (P < 0.01), feed conversion ratio (P < 0.01) and selection index (P < 0.001), while in Landrace significant associations were observed only with feed convertion ratio (P < 0.05). The Hpx phenotypes were associated with daily weight gain (P < 0.05) and backfat thickness (P < 0.05) in Large White and with this last variable (P < 0.01) and selection index (P < 0.05) in Duroc pigs. Since these results had not been reported previously, turther studies are need to confirm these associations.

Nosocomial bloodstream infections: organisms, risk factors and resistant phenotypes in the Brazilian University Hospital

Ribas,Rosineide M.; Freitas,Claudete; Gontijo Filho,Paulo P.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
342.45348%
Bacteremia is one of the most frequent and challenging hospital-acquired infection and it is associated with high attributable morbidity and mortality and additional use of healthcare resources. The objective of this work was to determine the frequencies of its occurrence, organisms and resistance phenotypes associated to nosocomial acquired bloodstream infections. A total number of 51 nosocomial bacteremia by Gram-negative and 99 by Gram-positive were evaluated and compared during a 15-month period. The risk factors associated with these bacteremias were analyzed and antibiotic use and surgery were associated with bacteremia by Gram-negative and > 2 invasive devices with Gram-positive. The resistance phenotypes ESBL (extended-spectrum beta-lactamases) (23.5%) and AmpC/others (17.6%) correspond to 41.2 % with predominance of E. agglomerans among AmpC (44.4%) and K. pneumoniae among ESBLs (38.5%). Among S. aureus bacteremia, approximately 40% were associated to MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).

Haptoglobin phenotypes in Brazilian patients with leukemia

Campregher,Paulo Vidal; Lorand-Metze,Irene; Grotto,Helena Zerlotti Wolf; Sonati,Maria de Fatima
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
Haptoglobin (HP) phenotypes were determined in 188 Brazilian patients with the four most common types of leukemia: acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and were compared to 197 normal controls. We could not confirm the previously suggested increased incidence of the HP1 gene and the HP1-1 phenotype among leukemic patients. A higher frequency of haptoglobinemics (HP0) was observed among patients, in agreement with previous findings.

Altered Skeletal Muscle Phenotypes in Calcineurin Aα and Aβ Gene-Targeted Mice

Parsons, Stephanie A.; Wilkins, Benjamin J.; Bueno, Orlando F.; Molkentin, Jeffery D.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
Calcineurin is a calcium-regulated serine-threonine protein phosphatase that controls developmental and inducible biological responses in diverse cell types, in part through activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). In skeletal muscle, calcineurin has been implicated in the regulation of myoblast differentiation, hypertrophy of mature myofibers, and fiber type switching in response to alterations in intracellular calcium concentration. However, considerable disagreement persists about the functional role of calcineurin signaling in each of these processes. Here we evaluated the molecular phenotypes of skeletal muscle from both calcineurin Aα and calcineurin Aβ gene-targeted mice. Calcineurin Aα was observed to be the predominant catalytic isoform expressed in nearly all skeletal muscles examined. Neither calcineurin Aα or Aβ null mice showed any gross growth-related alterations in skeletal muscle, nor was fiber size or number altered in glycolytic/fast muscle types. In contrast, both calcineurin Aα and Aβ gene-targeted mice demonstrated an alteration in myofiber number in the soleus, an oxidative/slow-type muscle. More significantly, calcineurin Aα and Aβ gene-targeted mice showed a dramatic down-regulation in the oxidative/slow fiber type program in multiple muscles (both slow and fast). Associated with this observation...

Mice Deficient in the Fused Homolog Do Not Exhibit Phenotypes Indicative of Perturbed Hedgehog Signaling during Embryonic Development

Chen, Miao-Hsueh; Gao, Nan; Kawakami, Takatoshi; Chuang, Pao-Tien
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays a major role in multiple aspects of embryonic development. To understand how a single Hh signal is capable of generating distinct readouts in Hh-responsive cells requires elucidation of the signal transduction cascade at the molecular level. Key components that mediate Hh signal transduction downstream of the receptor include Fused (Fu), Suppressor of fused (Sufu), and Costal-2 (Cos2) or the vertebrate homologs Kif27/Kif7. Studies with both invertebrates and vertebrates have led to a model in which a protein complex composed of Fu, Sufu, and Cos2 controls the processing, activity, and subcellular distribution of the Ci/Gli transcription factors responsible for Hh target gene activation. These converging results obtained with different species reaffirm the prevailing view of pathway conservation during evolution. Genetic studies of Fu, Sufu, and Kif27/Kif7 in mice are required to provide further verification of Hh pathway conservation. To this end, we generated a gene-targeted allele of Fu in mice. Surprisingly, our analysis indicates that Fu-deficient mice do not exhibit any embryonic phenotypes indicative of perturbed Hh signaling. This could be due to either functional redundancy or Hh pathway divergence and clearly indicates greater complexity of Hh signaling in vertebrates.

Hierarchical modeling in association studies of multiple phenotypes

Liu, Xin; Jorgenson, Eric; Witte, John S
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/12/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
250.17227%
The genetic study of disease-associated phenotypes has become common because such phenotypes are often easier to measure and in many cases are under greater genetic control than the complex disease itself. Some disease-associated phenotypes are rare, however, making it difficult to evaluate their effects due to small informative sample sizes. In addition, analyzing numerous phenotypes introduces the issue of multiple comparisons. To address these issues, we have developed a hierarchical model (HM) for multiple phenotypes that provides more accurate effect estimates with a lower false-positive rate. We evaluated the validity and power of HM in association studies of multiple phenotypes using randomly selected cases and controls from the simulated data set in the Genetic Analysis Workshop 14. In particular, we first analyzed the association between each of the 12 subclinical phenotypes and single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the known causal loci using a conventional logistic regression model (LRM). Then we added a second-stage model by regressing all of the logistic coefficients of the phenotypes obtained from LRM on a Z matrix that incorporates the clinical correlation of the phenotypes. Specially, the 12 phenotypes were grouped into 3 clusters: 1) communally shared emotions; 2) behavioral related; and 3) anxiety related. A semi-Bayes HM effect estimate for each phenotype was calculated and compared with those from LRM. We observed that using HM to evaluate the association between SNPs and multiple related phenotypes slightly increased power for detecting the true associations and also led to fewer false-positive results.

Epistatic Interaction Maps Relative to Multiple Metabolic Phenotypes

Snitkin, Evan S.; Segrè, Daniel
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
250.17227%
An epistatic interaction between two genes occurs when the phenotypic impact of one gene depends on another gene, often exposing a functional association between them. Due to experimental scalability and to evolutionary significance, abundant work has been focused on studying how epistasis affects cellular growth rate, most notably in yeast. However, epistasis likely influences many different phenotypes, affecting our capacity to understand cellular functions, biochemical networks adaptation, and genetic diseases. Despite its broad significance, the extent and nature of epistasis relative to different phenotypes remain fundamentally unexplored. Here we use genome-scale metabolic network modeling to investigate the extent and properties of epistatic interactions relative to multiple phenotypes. Specifically, using an experimentally refined stoichiometric model for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we computed a three-dimensional matrix of epistatic interactions between any two enzyme gene deletions, with respect to all metabolic flux phenotypes. We found that the total number of epistatic interactions between enzymes increases rapidly as phenotypes are added, plateauing at approximately 80 phenotypes, to an overall connectivity that is roughly 8-fold larger than the one observed relative to growth alone. Looking at interactions across all phenotypes...

Genome-wide Association Analysis for Multiple Continuous Secondary Phenotypes

Schifano, Elizabeth D.; Li, Lin; Christiani, David C.; Lin, Xihong
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/05/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
250.17227%
There is increasing interest in the joint analysis of multiple phenotypes in genome-wide association studies (GWASs), especially for the analysis of multiple secondary phenotypes in case-control studies and in detecting pleiotropic effects. Multiple phenotypes often measure the same underlying trait. By taking advantage of similarity across phenotypes, one could potentially gain statistical power in association analysis. Because continuous phenotypes are likely to be measured on different scales, we propose a scaled marginal model for testing and estimating the common effect of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on multiple secondary phenotypes in case-control studies. This approach improves power in comparison to individual phenotype analysis and traditional multivariate analysis when phenotypes are positively correlated and measure an underlying trait in the same direction (after transformation) by borrowing strength across outcomes with a one degree of freedom (1-DF) test and jointly estimating outcome-specific scales along with the SNP and covariate effects. To account for case-control ascertainment bias for the analysis of multiple secondary phenotypes, we propose weighted estimating equations for fitting scaled marginal models. This weighted estimating equation approach is robust to departures from normality of continuous multiple phenotypes and the misspecification of within-individual correlation among multiple phenotypes. Statistical power improves when the within-individual correlation is correctly specified. We perform simulation studies to show the proposed 1-DF common effect test outperforms several alternative methods. We apply the proposed method to investigate SNP associations with smoking behavior measured with multiple secondary smoking phenotypes in a lung cancer case-control GWAS and identify several SNPs of biological interest.

Statistical Methods for Multivariate and Complex Phenotypes

Agniel, Denis Madison
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
344.50766%
Many important scientific questions can not be studied properly using a single measurement as a response. For example, many phenotypes of interest in recent clinical research may be difficult to characterize due to their inherent complexity. It may be difficult to determine the presence or absence of disease based on a single measurement, or even a few measurements, or the phenotype may only be defined based on a series of symptoms. Similarly, a set of related phenotypes or measurements may be studied together in order to detect a shared etiology. In this work, we propose methods for studying complex phenotypes of these types, where the phenotype may be characterized either longitudinally or by a diverse set of continuous, discrete, or not fully observed components. In chapter 1, we seek to identify predictors that are related to multiple components of diverse outcomes. We take up specifically the question of identifying a multiple regulator, where we seek a genetic marker that is associated with multiple biomarkers for autoimmune disease. To do this, we propose sparse multiple regulation testing (SMRT) both to estimate the relationship between a set of predictors and diverse outcomes and to provide a testing framework in which to identify which predictors are associated with multiple elements of the outcomes...

Incidence, sensitivity, and specificity of leukemia-associated phenotypes in acute myeloid leukemia using specific five-color multiparameter flow cytometry

Al-Mawali, A.; Gillis, D.; Hissaria, P.; Lewis, I.
Fonte: Amer Soc Clinical Pathology Publicador: Amer Soc Clinical Pathology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
We assessed the usefulness of 5-color multiparameter flow cytometry to detect leukemia-associated phenotypes (LAPs) in the bone marrow of patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and determined its usefulness for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD). Overall, 94% of patients (51/54) with AML had LAPs at diagnosis. The frequency of leukemic bone marrow/median frequency of LAPs in normal or regenerating bone marrow samples using maximum log difference statistics revealed that CD2, CD56, CD11b, CD7, and CD19 expression on AML blasts represented the most sensitive and reliable markers for detection of MRD. Serial dilutional experiments showed that the sensitivity level of immunophenotyping was between 10-4 and 10-5 and that the approach was highly reproducible. Immunophenotypic analysis using a CD45 gating strategy, 5-color staining, and an extensive panel of monoclonal antibodies allowed the identification of LAPs in 94% of AML cases, and these immunophenotypes can be used for MRD monitoring with a sensitivity limit of 10-4 to 10-5.; Adhra Al-Mawali, David Gillis, Pravin Hissaria, and Ian Lewis; © American Society for Clinical Pathology

The presence of leukaemia-associated phenotypes is an independent predictor of induction failure in acute myeloid leukaemia

Al-Mawali, A.; To, L.; Gillis, D.; Hissaria, P.; Mundy, J.; Lewis, I.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
Immunophenotyping of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has controversial implications with regards to prognosis. The aims of the present study were to determine the frequency of leukaemia-associated phenotypes (LAP) in AML and to correlate their presence with response to induction chemotherapy. We analysed bone marrow samples at diagnosis from 84 AML patients using triple staining flow cytometry with routine standard panel of monoclonal antibodies. The association of LAP and response to induction chemotherapy was evaluated retrospectively. LAP were observed in 54 (64%) patients: lineage infidelity in 19 (35%), asynchronous antigen expression in 28 (52%), and lack of expected lineage specific antigens in 19 (35%). Significant correlation was found between LAP and responses to induction chemotherapy. Response to induction chemotherapy was more frequent in the absence of LAP (P < 0.05, estimated risk ratio of 1.6, 95%CI, 1.0-2.6) in a multivariate analysis. In conclusion, our data show the presence of LAP in AML is an independent predictor for response to induction chemotherapy and risk of relapse and should be considered for counselling patients and planning therapy.; A. Al-Mawali, L. B. To, D. Gillis, P. Hissaria, J. Mundy, I. Lewis

Psychological parameters in the reproductive phenotypes of polycystic ovary syndrome

Moran, L.; Deeks, A.; Gibson-Helm, M.; Teede, H.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the psychological features in women with different polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) phenotypes [National Institute of Health (NIH) and non-NIH diagnostic criteria] and women without PCOS. METHODS An observational, cross-sectional study compared overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) premenopausal women with PCOS (n = 29 NIH and n = 25 non-NIH) and controls (n = 27). Anxiety and depression were compared between women with NIH or non-NIH PCOS and women without PCOS. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) domains related to emotions, body hair, weight, infertility and menstrual problems were compared between women with NIH and non-NIH PCOS. RESULTS Overall, women with PCOS had worse anxiety (P = 0.007) and depression (P = 0.048) compared with women without PCOS. Both women with NIH PCOS and non-NIH PCOS presented more often with moderate anxiety (P = 0.005 and P = 0.01, respectively) compared with women without PCOS. Women with NIH PCOS had worse HRQoL related to infertility (P = 0.012), emotions (P = 0.02) and weight (P = 0.016). No significant differences were observed between the two PCOS phenotypes for HRQoL domains related to body hair or menstrual problems. Both NIH (β = 0.30, P = 0.024) and non-NIH (β = 0.32...

Prevalence and intensity of infection, metacyclogenesis and nuclear phenotypes in Panstrongylus megistus (Burmeister, 1835) after ingestion of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas, 1909) II and subjection to heat shock

Garcia,SL; Rodrigues,VLCC; Garcia,NL; Mello,MLS
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
339.4211%
This study aimed to contribute to our knowledge of the parasite-vector interaction associated with Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas, 1909) infection in Panstrongylus megistus (Burmeister, 1835), an important vector of Chagas' disease in Brazil. The prevalence and intensity of T. cruzi infection, the incidence of metacyclogenesis and the frequency of nuclear phenotypes in Malpighian tubules were investigated in nymphs of P. megistus, reared at 28 °C and subjected to heat shock (40 °C, 1 hour) two days after infection with T. cruzi II (Y strain). Following the 45-day post-infection period, the frequency of epimastigotes was much higher than that of trypomastigotes in both heat-shocked and non-shocked insects, and the prevalence of infection was not altered by heat shock. Fewer epimastigotes and trypomastigotes were found in the infected insects subjected to the heat shock, indicating that the multiplication and metacyclogenesis of the parasites were affected by the stress. In infected specimens heat shock promoted an increased frequency of cell nuclei with heterochromatin decondensation, a cell survival response to stress, and did not affect insect survival. The effects of infection and heat shock, especially on the multiplication and metacyclogenesis of T. cruzi...

Genetic variation in immunoregulatory pathways and atopic phenotypes in infancy

Hoffjan, Sabine; Ostrovnaja, Irina; Nicolae, Dan; Newman, Dina; Nicolae, Raluca; Gangnon, Ronald; Steiner, Lori; Walker, Karen; Reynolds, Rebecca; Greene, Deborah; Mirel, Daniel; Gern, James; Lemanske, Robert; Ober, Carole
Fonte: Elsevier: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Publicador: Elsevier: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 37365 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
345.99125%
Background: Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that often originates in early childhood. Although candidate gene studies have identified many potential asthma susceptibility genes in adult populations, few have studied associations with immune phenotypes in the first year that might be early clinical markers of asthma. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of genetic variation to cytokine response profiles and atopic phenotypes in the first year of life in the Childhood Origin of Asthma cohort. Methods: Two hundred seven European American children participating in the Childhood Origin of Asthma study were genotyped for 61 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 35 genes involved in immune regulation. We examined the relationship between these single nucleotide polymorphisms and PHA-induced cytokine (IL-5, IL-10, IL-13, and IFN-gamma) response profiles at birth and at year 1, respiratory syncytial virus-induced wheezing and atopic dermatitis in the first year of life, and total IgE levels, peripheral blood eosinophil counts, and allergic sensitization at age 1 year. The data were analyzed by using censored regression for quantitative measurements and logistic regression for qualitative phenotypes. Results: The 237Gly allele of the high-affinity IgE receptor beta chain (FCER1B) and a silent substitution in the nitric oxide synthase (NOS)2A gene were associated with reduced IL-13 responses in cord blood (P=.0025 and P = .0062...