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Haptoglobin, acid phosphatase and demographic factors: obesity risk

Ramos, Maria do Rosário; Carolino, Elisabete; Oliveira, Teresa; Silva, A. P.; Carvalho, R.; Bicho, M.
Fonte: Polskie Towarzystwo Biometryczne Publicador: Polskie Towarzystwo Biometryczne
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
679.2442%
The aim of this work is to study the risk of obesity posed by two genetic factors: haptoglobin phenotype and acid phosphatase phenotype, one enzymatic activity: acid phosphatase activity (ACP1), age and gender. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a protein of the immune system, and three phenotypes of Hp are found in humans: Hp1-1, Hp2-1, and Hp2-2. This protein is associated with a susceptibility to common pathological conditions, such as obesity. ACP1 is an intracellular enzyme The phenotypes of ACP1 (AA, AB, AC, BB, BC, CC) are also considered. We took a sample of 127 subjects with complete data from 714 registers. Since we intend to identify risk factors for obesity, an ordinal regression model is adjusted, using the Body Mass Index, BMI, to define weight categories. Haptoglobin phenotype, enzymatic activity of ACP1, acid phosphatase phenotype, age and gender are considered as regressor variables. We found three factors associated with an increased risk of obesity: phenotype Hp2-1 of haptoglobin (estimated odds ratio OR 11.54), phenotype AA of acid phosphatase (OR 33.788) and age (OR 1.39). The interaction between phenotype Hp2-1 and phenotype AC is associated with a decreased risk of obesity (OR 0.032); The interaction between phenotype AA and ACP1 activity is associated with a decreased risk of obesity (OR 0.954).

Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity and glutathione levels are modulated during hFOB 1.19 osteoblastic differentiation

MALASPINA, Tatiana Salles de Souza; SANTOS, Celio Xavier dos; CAMPANELLI, Ana Paula; LAURINDO, Francisco Rafael Martins; SOGAYAR, Mari Cleide; GRANJEIRO, Jose Mauro
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
675.014%
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) is a well-known marker of osteoclasts and bone resorption. Here we have investigated whether osteoblast-like cells (hFOB 1.19) present TRAP activity and how would be its pattern of expression during osteoblastic differentiation. We also observed how the osteoblastic differentiation affected the reduced glutathione levels. TRAP activity was measured using the p-nitrophenylphosphate substrate. The osteogenic potential of hFOB 1.19 cells was studied by measuring alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized nodule formation. Oxidative stress was determined by HPLC and DNTB assays. TRAP activity and the reduced glutathione-dependent microenvironment were modulated during osteoblastic differentiation. During this phase, TRAP activity, as well as alkaline phosphatase and glutathione increased progressively up to the 21st day, decreasing thereafter. We demonstrate that TRAP activity is modulated during osteoblastic differentiation, possibly in response to the redox state of the cell, since it seemed to depend on suitable levels of reduced glutathione.; FAPESP; CNPq; FINEP; Universidade de São Paulo - Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa PRP-USP

Perfil da proteína tirosina fosfatase de baixo peso molecular em células osteoblásticas; Partial biochemistry characterization and obtention of low molecular weight acid phosphatase from osteoblasts cultures

Muniz, Fernanda Magalhães Correa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
673.413%
Eventos como fosforilação e desfosforilação estão presentes nos processos de crescimento e diferenciação celular. As proteínas tirosina fosfatases estão envolvidas nestes processos. Estas enzimas são encontradas em animais, plantas e ocorrem em diversas formas, diferindo no peso molecular, substrato específico e sensibilidade a inibidores. As enzimas que possuem baixo peso molecular (entre 18-20 KDa), hidrolisam p-nitrofenilfosfato e são sensíveis ao p-hidroximercuribenzoato são chamadas como proteínas tirosina fosfatases de baixo peso molecular relativo (PTP-BMr) ou fosfatases ácidas. Vários dados sugerem que tipos de células de osso, como osteoblastos, podem expressar esta enzima ativa. Aqui, culturas de osteoblastos derivadas da medula removida do fêmur de rato foram investigadas para padronizar a metodologia de obtenção da PTP-BMr. A expressão e atividade catalítica desta enzima em diferentes estágios de crescimento de osteoblastos também foram verificadas. Foi observado que são necessários de 16-19 dias de cultura para obter maiores níveis de atividade da PTP-BMr em extrato citoplasmático. O nível de expressão do gene da PTP-BMr foi determinado por PCR em tempo real e uma maior quantificação de RNAm foi obtida em 16 dias de crescimento de osteoblasto. A caracterização bioquímica parcial confirma uma banda de atividade em gel de poliacrilamida com peso molecular de 17...

Localization of acid phosphatase activity on the testis of two teleostean species (Oreochromis niloticus and Odonthestes perugiae); Localização da atividade da fosfatase ácida em duas espécies de teleósteos (Oreochromis niloticus e Odonthestes perugiae)

Garrido, Marilene Porawski; Wassermann, Guillermo Federico; Achaval-Elena, Matilde
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
667.9236%
A atividade da fosfatase ácida (AcP) foi estudada em duas espécies de teleósteos em duas estações: verão e inverno. A atividade AcP foi detectada em células de Sertoli de tilápia (Oreochromis niloticus) somente durante o período não reprodutivo de seu ciclo anual, que corresponde aos meses de inverno. Em peixerei (Odonthestes perugiae), a reação enzimática foi detectada durante o período não reprodutivo (verão) nas células epiteliais dos dutos eferentes, porém não foi detectada nas células de Sertoli. Esses dados sugerem que essa enzima está envolvida no processo de reabsorção do citoplasma residual das espermátides e também na remoção dos espermatozóides remanescentes do período reprodutivo. Em peixe-rei, essa função heterofágica é realizada pelas células dos dutos eferentes e não pelas células de Sertoli.; Acid phosphatase (AcP) activity was investigated in the testes of two species of teleosts in two seasons: summer and winter. AcP activity was detected in Sertoli cells from tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) only during the nonreproductive period of its annual cycle, corresponding to the winter months. In kingfish (Odonthestes perugiae), the enzymatic reaction was identified during the non-reproductive period (summer) in epithelial cells of the efferent ducts but not in Sertoli cells. These data suggest that the enzyme is involved in the absorption of residual spermatid cytoplasm and as well as in the removal of spermatozoa remaining after the reproductive period. In kingfish...

Serum and urinary measurements of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) in dogs

Amorim, R.L.; Moura, V.M.B.D.; Di Santis, G.W.; Bandarra, Ênio Pedone; Padovani, C.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Escola de Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Escola de Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 320-324
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
667.9236%
Realizaram-se mensurações sérica e urinária de fosfatase ácida prostática (PAP) e antígeno prostático específico (PSA) de 20 cães. Os testes de PAP e PSA foram feitos em um equipamento automatizado, com o uso de kits comerciais para humanos. A média de PAP sérico foi de 0,7U/l e urinário 0,U/l. As médias do PSA sérico e urinário foram 0,005ng/dL e 0,004ng/dl, respectivamente. A determinação do dois biomarcadores in vivo é uma nova opção de diagnóstico na medicina veterinária e os valores obtidos devem ser correlacionados com a lesão morfológica da próstata.; Serum and urinary prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) from 20 dogs were measured. PAP and PSA tests were carried out in authomatized equipment with commercial kits used for humans. Mean PAP serum value was 0.7U/l and urinary 0.1U/l. Mean serum and urinary PSA were 0.005ng/dl and 0.004ng/dl, respectively. In vivo determination of these two biomarkers in dogs is a new form of diagnosis in veterinary medicine and these values should be correlated with the morphological lesion of the prostate gland.

Acid phosphatase activity distribution in salivary glands of triatomines (Heteroptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae)

Anhe, A. C. B.; Oliveira, A. P. M. Lima; Oliveira, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo
Fonte: Funpec-editora Publicador: Funpec-editora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 197-205
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
673.1485%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Acid phosphatase activity (Gomori technique) in salivary gland cells was investigated in adult insects (males and females) of four species of triatomines: Triatoma infestans, Panstrongylus megistus, Rhodnius neglectus, and Rhodnius prolixus. Binucleated cells with bulky and polyploidy nuclei were detected, with acid phosphatase activity in the heterochromatin and nucleolus, which showed the most intense response. Thus, the activity of these phosphatases during rRNA molecule transcription, possibly in the nucleolar fibrillar center, is suggested. The difference in reactivity found among salivary glands is associated with the cellular metabolism of these regions and, probably, with the biosynthesis of their different secretions. This must be essential in maintaining the hematophagy of triatomines.

Acid phosphatase activity in gerbil prostate: comparative study in male and female during postnatal development

Custodio, AMG; Goes, R. M.; Taboga, SR
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 335-344
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
675.4263%
The prostate is present in both male and female mammals. It is composed of secretory epithelium, connective stroma, smooth muscle and neuroendocrine cells, which are under hormonal regulation. Acid phosphatases catalyze the hydrolysis of orthophosphate monoesters. We have compared the expression of acid phosphatases in gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) prostate glands in both sexes using young, adult and old animals. Eighteen prostates were isolated, frozen, sectioned, fixed, incubated with sodium beta-glycerophosphate sodium, washed with acetate buffer solution, treated with ammonium sulfide and counterstained with Methyl-Green aqueous solution. Ultracytochemical analyses were also conducted. This substrate revealed total acid phosphatase activity. The expression of the enzyme was heterogeneous, occurring in all ages during postnatal development. The data. revealed that the female prostate matured before the male prostate. In addition, acid phosphatase activity in both sexes was regulated by androgen variation concomitant with development. (C) 2004 International Federation for Cell Biology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

THE PHO-2A MUTANT OF NEUROSPORA-CRASSA WHICH IS DEFICIENT IN PI-REPRESSIBLE ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.1) IS ALSO DEFECTIVE IN PI-REPRESSIBLE ACID-PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.2)

Han, S. W.; Maccheroni, W.; Rossi, A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 441-447
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
682.16375%
1. The mycelial Pi-repressible acid phosphatase presented p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity with negative cooperativity and Michaelian behavior when synthesized by the wild-type and pho-2A mutant strains of Neurospora crassa, respectively.2. The major acid phosphatase present in cell extracts of the pho-2A mutant of N. crassa grown in low Pi medium is more thermolabile (t1/2 = 4 min at 54-degrees-C, pH 5.4) than that of the wild strain (stable for at least 80 min at 54-degrees-C, pH 5.4).3. The pho-2A mutant of N. crassa secreted a more thermolabile acid phosphatase (t1/2 = 30 min at 50-degrees-C, pH 5.4) than the wild strain (t1/2 of at least 80 min at 50-degrees-C, pH 5.4).4. The pho-2A mutant of N. crassa synthesized a more thermolabile acid phosphatase (t1/2 = 37 min at 54-degrees-C, pH 5.4) than the wild strain in high Pi medium (t1/2 = 14 min al 54-degrees-C, pH 5.4).5. The pleiotropic nature of the pho-2 locus and its possible involvement in the mechanism of phosphatase secretion by N. crassa are proposed.

Cell nucleus activity during post-embryonic development of Apis melliferaL. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Intranuclear acid phosphatase

Landim, Carminda Da Cruz; Reginato, Rejane Daniele; De Moraes, Regina Lucia Morelli Silva; Cavalcante, Vagner Melo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 131-138
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
679.2442%
We report nuclear acid phosphatase activity in the somatic (intra-ovariolar and stromatic) and germ cells of differentiating honey bee worker ovaries, as well as in the midgut cells of metamorphosing bees. There was heterogeneity in the intensity and distribution of electron dense deposits of lead phosphate, indicative of acid phosphatase activity in the nuclei of these tissues, during different phases of post-embryonic bee development. This heterogeneity was interpreted as a variation of the nuclear functional state, related to the cell functions in these tissues.

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae): Acid phosphatase and ATPase activities localization in salivary glands of females during the feeding period

Nunes, Erika Takagi; Camargo Mathias, Maria Izabel; Bechara, Gervásio Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 109-117
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
681.177%
This study investigates the presence and the localization of acid phosphatase and ATPase in the salivary glands of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus female ticks during feeding. Semi-engorged females showed a larger amount of acid phosphatase compared to those at beginning of feeding, localized mainly in the apical portion of the secretory cells, and in the basal labyrinth of the interstitial cells. Ultrastructural observations also demonstrated its presence in secretion granules and inside some nuclei of secretory cells at beginning of feeding. Acid phosphatase in a free form probably has a hemolymph and/or ribosomal origin and participates in salivary gland secretion control. ATPase was detected in basal membrane of all types of acini and/or in the cytoplasm of the secretory cells at both feeding stages. The enzyme activities found strongly suggests that cell death by apoptosis occurs during the degenerative process. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Prostatic acid phosphatase in serum and semen of dogs

Gadelha, C. R. F.; Vicente, W. R. R.; Ribeiro, A. P. C.; Apparicio, M.; Covizzi, G. J.; Campos, A. C. N.
Fonte: Univ Austral Chile, Fac Ciencias Veterinarias Publicador: Univ Austral Chile, Fac Ciencias Veterinarias
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 321-325
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
676.688%
The incidence of prostatic malignancy has increased the use of tissue markers to detect cancer. Tissue specific antigens or differentiation antigens are found on the surface of normal cells. Clinically, these antigens are important to diagnose alterations in the tissues and for immunotherapy. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prostatic acid phosphatase concentration in blood and seminal plasma of intact and healthy dogs at different ages. The evaluation was carried out by spectrophotometer, using a commercial kit. The prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) levels did not differ according to the age and did not correlate with age or prostatic dimensions verified by ultrasonography. The PAP concentration values varied greatly within each group. However, more studies are necessary to evaluate the role of prostatic acid phosphatase in the canine prostate and its importance as a diagnostic test for prostate disorders.

Fosfatase acida da microalga Selenastrum capricornutum : extração, caracterização e efeito de poluentes de origem agricola; Acid phosphatase from the microalgae Selenastrum capricornutum : extraction, characterization and effect of agriculture pollutants

Claudio Martin Jonsson
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
675.3653%
Selenastrum capricornutum é uma alga clorofícea unicelular mundialmente distribuída em corpos de água doce e solos. Devido a sua natureza cosmopolita, o seu uso em estudos de ecotoxicidade é recomendado por protocolos nacionais e internacionais. A fosfatase ácida de algas desempenha importantes funções metabólicas tais como decomposição de fosfato orgânico em fosfato inorgânico, processos autofágicos, reciclagem de material celular e formação do zigoto durante a reprodução. Agentes químicos introduzidos em compartimentos ambientais em decorrência da atividade agrícola, tais como agrotóxicos e contaminantes de lodo usado como fertilizante, podem alterar a atividade da enzima nesses produtores primários. No presente trabalho foram estudados a extração, estabilidade, especificidade por substratos, efeito de inibidores e cinética da fosfatase ácida do extrato bruto de Selenastrum capricornutum. Foi também avaliado o efeito in vitro de 30 poluentes de origem agrícola (24 orgânicos e 6 metais pesados), sendo que experimentos mais detalhados in vitro e estudos in vivo, foram realizados com os agentes que promoveram maior efeito inibidor ou ativador. Os resultados demonstraram que a extração foi aumentada pelo congelamento/descongelamento entre os ciclos de sonicação. A enzima apresentou atividade ótima em pH 5...

Haptoglobin, acid phosphatase and demographic factors: obesity risk

Ramos, Maria do Rosário; Carolino, Elisabete; Oliveira, Teresa; Silva, A. P.; Carvalho, R.; Bicho, M.
Fonte: Polskie Towarzystwo Biometryczne Publicador: Polskie Towarzystwo Biometryczne
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
679.2442%
The aim of this work is to study the risk of obesity posed by two genetic factors: haptoglobin phenotype and acid phosphatase phenotype, one enzymatic activity: acid phosphatase activity (ACP1), age and gender. Haptoglobin (Hp) is a protein of the immune system, and three phenotypes of Hp are found in humans: Hp1-1, Hp2-1, and Hp2-2. This protein is associated with a susceptibility to common pathological conditions, such as obesity. ACP1 is an intracellular enzyme The phenotypes of ACP1 (AA, AB, AC, BB, BC, CC) are also considered. We took a sample of 127 subjects with complete data from 714 registers. Since we intend to identify risk factors for obesity, an ordinal regression model is adjusted, using the Body Mass Index, BMI, to define weight categories. Haptoglobin phenotype, enzymatic activity of ACP1, acid phosphatase phenotype, age and gender are considered as regressor variables. We found three factors associated with an increased risk of obesity: phenotype Hp2-1 of haptoglobin (estimated odds ratio OR 11.54), phenotype AA of acid phosphatase (OR 33.788) and age (OR 1.39). The interaction between phenotype Hp2-1 and phenotype AC is associated with a decreased risk of obesity (OR 0.032); The interaction between phenotype AA and ACP1 activity is associated with a decreased risk of obesity (OR 0.954).

Serum and urinary measurements of prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) in dogs

Amorim,R.L.; Moura,V.M.B.D.; Di Santis,G.W.; Bandarra,E.P.; Padovani,C.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
667.9236%
Serum and urinary prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) from 20 dogs were measured. PAP and PSA tests were carried out in authomatized equipment with commercial kits used for humans. Mean PAP serum value was 0.7U/l and urinary 0.1U/l. Mean serum and urinary PSA were 0.005ng/dl and 0.004ng/dl, respectively. In vivo determination of these two biomarkers in dogs is a new form of diagnosis in veterinary medicine and these values should be correlated with the morphological lesion of the prostate gland.

Lowering of phytic acid content by enhancement of phytase and acid phosphatase activities during sunflower germination

Agostini,Juliana da Silva; Nogueira,Rosicler Balduíno; Ida,Elza Iouko
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
676.1485%
The objective of this work was to investigate the germination of hybrid sunflowers BRS191 and C11 as a means of lowering phytic acid (PA) content by enhancing the activity of endogenous phytase and acid phosphatase. The concentration of PA in hybrid sunflower achenes varied from 2.16 to 2.83g/100g of sample (p < 0.05). The phytase and acid phosphatase activities of sunflowers BRS191 and C11 were the highest on the 4th and 5th days of germination, respectively, with the release of the phosphorus. These results indicated that hybrid sunflower PA reduced and enhance phytase activity at distinct germination periods, which could open up the possibility of applying these enzymes in the control of PA content in cereals, thus improving their nutritional value.

Produção e caracterização bioquímica de uma fosfatase ácida de Trichoderma harzianum (ALL42); Production and biochemistry caracterization of the acid phosphatase Trichoderma harzianum (ALL42)

SOUZA, Amanda Araujo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Biologia; Ciências Biolóicas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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679.9665%
Trichoderma harzianum is a saprophytic fungus, known for its potential as a biological control agent of different phytopathogens that causes losses in crops. Its action is based on different mechanisms like volatile and non-volatile antibiotics production, competition for nutrient and space, production of hydrolytic enzymes and mycoparasitism. This fungus also plays an important role in the release of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus from insoluble macromolecules to the medium, favoring the growth of plants. Phosphorus is a limiting nutrient for plant growth, however, over 80% of the phosphorus applied to the soil, it becomes unavailable, due to its adsorption, precipitation or conversion to organic form. One way to obtain phosphate compounds in soil is through the action of enzymes called phosphatases, which catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphate esters producing soluble phosphorus. High levels of acid phosphatase (ACP) were produced by Trichoderma harzianum ALL42. This study evaluated the ability of T. harzianumALL42produce acid phosphatases(ACPs) in minimal medium modified by varying the concentration of glucose and phosphate (KH2PO4). The results showed that the concentration of glucose and phosphate in the culture medium regulated the production of ACPs T. harzianum ALL42. Thisfungusproducedanacid phosphatase(ACPII) inculture mediumcontainingglucose0.5% and0.04% phosphate. Theenzymewaspartiallypurifiedby hydrophobic interaction chromatography on Phenyl Sepharose. A typical procedure provided 2...

In vitro effects of hormones and autacoids on the activity of acid phosphatase in the lysates of endotoxin-activated rat peritoneal and bronchoalveolar macrophages

Kondomerkos, D.J.; Kalamidas, Stefanos; Kotoulas, Othon B.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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679.2442%
Peritoneal and bronchoalveolar macrophages activated in vitro by endotoxin, exhibit alterations in the acid phosphatase activity of cell lysates when certain hormones or autacoids are present in the culture medium. They also show morphological changes concerning general appearance and acid phosphatase cytochemistry. Certain agents known to increase the intracellular levels of cyclic AMP, such as dopamine and prostaglandin E2, decreased this enzyme activity in the lysates of peritoneal macrophages. Adrenalin had no effect on this activity at 14 hours, but was found to increase the activity in the culture medium at the initial hours of incubation. Glucagon decreased whereas insulin increased acid phosphatase activity in bronchoalveolar macrophages. Serotonin or histamine, known to activate phospholipase C, increased this activity in peritoneal or bronchoalveolar macrophages. The results of this study, taken together with previously published data (Kondomerkos et al., 2003), suggest that hormones and autacoids may control certain parameters of macrophage activation including acid phosphatase activity.

Overexpression of OsPAP10a, a root-associated acid phosphatase, increased extracellular organic phosphorus utilization in rice

Tian, J.; Wang, C.; Zhang, Q.; He, X.; Whelan, J.; Shou, H.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
677.6431%
Phosphorus (P) deficiency is a major limitation for plant growth and development. Among the wide set of responses to cope with low soil P, plants increase their level of intracellular and secreted acid phosphatases (APases), which helps to catalyze inorganic phosphate (Pi) hydrolysis from organo-phosphates. In this study we characterized the rice (Oryza sativa) purple acid phosphatase 10a (OsPAP10a). OsPAP10a belongs to group Ia of purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), and clusters with the principal secreted PAPs in a variety of plant species including Arabidopsis. The transcript abundance of OsPAP10a is specifically induced by Pi deficiency and is controlled by OsPHR2, the central transcription factor controlling Pi homeostasis. In gel activity assays of root and shoot protein extracts, it was revealed that OsPAP10a is a major acid phosphatase isoform induced by Pi starvation. Constitutive overexpression of OsPAP10a results in a significant increase of phosphatase activity in both shoot and root protein extracts. In vivo root 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-phosphate (BCIP) assays and activity measurements on external media showed that OsPAP10a is a root-associated APase. Furthermore, overexpression of OsPAP10a significantly improved ATP hydrolysis and utilization compared with wild type plants. These results indicate that OsPAP10a can potentially be used for crop breeding to improve the efficiency of P use.; Jingluan Tian...

Ultrastructural localisation of acid phosphatase in intestinal eosinophilic granule cells (EGC) of rainbow trout

Powell, Mark D.; Briand, Heather A.; Wright, Glenda M.; Burka, John F.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
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673.1485%
Enzyme cytochemistry was used to investigate possible lysosome involvement in capsaicin induced degranulation of the eosinophilic granule cell (EGC) of the rainbow trout intestine. Three adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were injected intra 'k eritoneally with capsaicin in a saline vehicle (0.5 pg.g- body weight). Following a 2 hour period of incubation, the fish were killed, and a mid portion of the intestine was dissected and fixed in cold glutaraldehyde buffered with sodium cacodylate. Vibratome sections were incubated in either reaction medium containing B-glycerophosphate and cerium chloride in acetate buffer or substrate (Bglycerophosphate) deficient control medium. Sections were then refixed in osmium tetroxide and processed for electron microscopy. Acid phosphatase was found to be localised within lysosomes. The enzyme was not found in the large cytoplasmic granules under normal or capsaicin-stimulated conditions. EGCs which had migrated to the lamina propria in response to the capsaicin stimulation had a distinct multivesicular granule morphology. These multivesicular granules did not contain acid phosphatase suggesting that this form of EGC degranulation is not a lysosomally mediated event.

Trypanosoma cruzi: experimental Chagas' disease in Rhesus monkeys. II. Ultraestructural and cytochemical studies of peroxidase and acid phosphatase activities

Meirelles,Maria de Nazareth Leal de; Bonecini-Almeida,Maria da Glória; Pessoa,Maria Heleosina Ribeiro; Galvão-Castro,Bernardo
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/1990 EN
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669.876%
Ultrastructural and cytochemical studies of peroxidase and acid phosphatase were performed in skin, lymph node and heart muscle tissue of thesus monkeys with experimental Chagas's disease. At the site of inoculation ther was a proliferative reaction with the presence of immature macrophages revealed by peroxidase technique. At the lymph node a difuse inflammatory exudate with mononuclear cells, fibroblasts and immature activated macrophages reproduces the human patrtern of acute Chagas' disease inflamatory lesions. The hearth muscle cells present different degrees of degenerative alterations and a striking increase in the number of lysosomal profiles that exhibit acid hydrolase reaction product. A strong inflammatory reaction was present due to lymphocytic infiltrate or due to eosinophil granulocytes associated to ruptured cells. The present study provides some experimental evidences that the monkey model could be used as a reliable model to characterize histopathological alterations of the human disease.